This Documentation is intended to accompany the Digital Intern Insulin Educator and Digital Intern Glucose Management module and is meant to support and explain the recommendations made by those products. This information is not meant to provide medical advice, inform medical decisions, or be used in any way other than in conjunction with Digital Intern products. If you are a medical professional caring for a patient, you must always rely on your own training, expertise, and judgment to determine if the Digital Intern recommendations are appropriate for your patient.
If you are not using the Digital Intern learn more about it here.
This Knowledge Base entry contains references only.
If your organization subscribes to the Digital Intern Glucose Management module, you may access a version of the full article through the links in the help text of Digital Intern recommendations. The latest version is available through the Knowledge Base with an iVMD Knowledge Base account. If you have an account, Log in. If you do not have an account, but your organization subscribes to the Digital Intern, Create an Account.
1. Mizock, B. A. Alterations in carbohydrate metabolism during stress: a review of the literature. Am J Med. 1995; 98(1): 75–84.
2. Moghissi ES, Korytkowski MT, DiNardo M, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American Diabetes Association consensus statement on inpatient glycemic control. Diabetes Care. 2009; 32: 1119–1131.
3. Umpierrez GU, Hellman R, Korytkowski MT, et al. Management of hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients in non-critical care setting: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012; (1):16-38.
4. Clement S, Braithwaite SS, Magee MF, et al. American Diabetes Association Diabetes in Hospitals Writing Committee. Management of diabetes and hyperglycemia in hospitals. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27: 553–591.
5. Finfer S, Chittock DR, Su SY-S, et al. NICESUGAR Study Investigators. Intensive versus conventional glucose control in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med. 2009; 360: 1283–1297.
6. van den Berghe G, Wouters P, Weekers F, et al. Intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345: 1359–1367.
7. Steg PG, James SK, Atar D, et al. Task Force on the management of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation. Eur Heart J. 2012; 33: 2569–2619
8. Maynard G, Lee J, Phillips G, Fink E, Renvall M. Improved inpatient use of basal insulin, reduced hypoglycemia, and improved glycemic control: effect of structured subcutaneous insulin orders and an insulin management algorithm. J Hosp Med. 2009; 4:3-15.
9. Smith WD, Winterstein AG, Johns T, Rosenberg E, Sauer BC. Causes of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia in adult inpatients. Am J Health Sys Pharm. 2005; 62: 714-19.
10. Krinsley JS, Grover A. Severe hypoglycemia in critically ill patients: risk factors and outcomes. Crit Care Med. 2007; 35: 2262-67.
11. Kagansky N, Levy S, Rimon E, et al. Hypoglycemia as a predictor of mortality in hospitalized elderly patients. Arch Intern Med. 2003; 163: 1825-29.
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